20 January 2015

Understanding Diffrential and LSD (Limited Slip Differential)

Before we know more about LSD, let learn what is Differential or open Differential..(in Malay we called it "Nenas")

This video might helps you...

Now we know what is Diffrential and now we learn what is LSD (Limited Slip Differential)or Automotive limited-slip differentials all contain a few basic elements. First, all have a gear train that, like an open differential, allows the output shafts to spin at different speeds while holding the sum of their speeds proportional to that of the input shaft.

Second, all have some sort of mechanism that applies a torque (internal to the differential) that resists the relative motion of the output shafts. In simple terms, this means they have some mechanism which resists a speed difference between the outputs, by creating a resisting torque between either the two outputs, or the outputs and the differential housing. There are many mechanisms used to create this resisting torque. The type of limited-slip differential typically gets its name from the design of this resisting mechanism. 

When an open differential does its job, it ensures the same amount of torque travels to each wheel. The amount of torque actually applied to the wheels is limited by only two factors: equipment and traction. On the equipment side of the equation, you need an engine capable of producing the power and gears up to the task of transferring it. As far as traction goes, the wheel needs to be able to grip the ground without slipping, which can occur on wet roads or even on dry ones if you floor the vehicle at a standstill. But what if only one wheel is on wet rooad or in the mud? You wind up with one wheel spinning freely over the slippery substance, while the other wheel is reduced to the same torque. In other words, you'll have one wheel spinning in the mud and one wheel not rotating at all.

Limited slip differentials use various mechanisms to allow normal differential action during turns, while also solving the problem of slippage. When one powered tire slips, the LSD transfers more torque to the nonslipping wheel. In this situation, a limited-slip differential prevents excessive power from being allocated to one wheel, and thereby keeping both wheels in powered rotation.

Hope you'll know the important that your 4x4 to have LSD..

Learn from this video ......

Driving your 4x4 with knowledge!

16 January 2015

10 Things To Do After Driving Off-Road

For some reason, it also important to do an inspection after off-road. It will help us to maintain our 4x4 vehicle at the good running condition. Just as you put a lot of thought and preparation into your trip before you go for off-road, you should also take the time afterward to ensure that your vehicle and gear survived the drive and are ready for the next adventure. Even a mild off-road course can affect your vehicle.

First and foremost, do a thorough inspection of your vehicle to make sure that it is in safe driving condition. You should not take the vehicle onto roads, especially the highway, if there are significant structural or other safety issues.
  1. Air up your tires. Don’t try to drive on pavement with your   tires low on pressure. Not only will you have difficulty handling the vehicle, but you risk serious damage to tires and rims. Check your tire pressure the following morning. It can drop 2 to 5 PSI overnight. Remember that you aired up when the tires were hot.
  2. Wash and vacuum your vehicle. This will help prevent the spread of weed seeds to other areas. It also makes it easier to spot any fluid leaks and damage that needs repairing. Invasive plants are a problem all, caused in part by people driving in multiple areas—sometimes even in different states—without cleaning their vehicles between trips. As a result, they spread noxious weeds to new locations. Be a good sport and clean your vehicle after each off-road drive.
  3. Wash your engine. Drive to an appropriate facility, turn off the engine, and hose it down. With a clean engine, you can spot any leak that has developed, as well as a loose bolt, hose, clamp, or other part. 
  4. Check fluid levels, fan or serpentine belt, and other parts. If you do this frequently enough, you will become accustomed to your engine compartment, and it will be easier to spot a problem or potential problem when one occurs.
  5. Examine the differential and transmission for cracks and the fluids for water.
  6. Inspect and clean drum brakes, if applicable. Pull off the drums and clean out any mud or sand inside. That will wear down your brakes in a hurry. This is a good time to adjust your brakes or even replace the shoes, if needed.
  7. Inspect CV boots, struts and shocks, and other underbody parts. Any need replacing? Take a look at joints, bearings, and other parts that may need regreasing. What about the nuts and bolts that hold the axle and suspension together? The vehicle’s suspension system (track bar, control arm, shocks, and spring) are very susceptible to loosening and affect the drivability. Problems with any one of these items could cause damage to the drive train over time.
  8. Push and pull on the suspension to see if anything is loose. Push on the side of the vehicle. Are the track bars loose? Have a friend rotate the steering wheel back and forth while you inspect the tie rod ends.
  9. Inspect your tools. Are they clean, in order, and accessible?
  10. Clean and restock any fluids or gear (including medical supplies, spare parts, and fire extinguisher) you used or that became damaged (such as recovery straps). Create a list of repairs and other actions items during the trip or on the way home while it is still fresh in your mind. Make sure you put back all the essential items, and that your vehicle is tidy and prepared for your next trip. 
Please remember that this tasks highlighted are not absolete and it's up to us how we want to maintain our 4x4 vehicles at the best condition.

Happy Off Roading!

14 January 2015

Malaysian Flood Disaster Relief Mission

Malaysians were shocked by the massive floods that have hit the country in turn cost the country millions of dollars. Kelantan and Terengganu are two countries that are hardest hit by the destruction.
Floods that hit the country in December 2014 was the worst since 1971.
Number of residents who have moved to evacuation centers reached more than 200,000 people and the destruction caused by the flooding has caused many have lost their lives, property and life.
The government and the people of Malaysia have united humanitarian aid to the states involved, especially in Kuala Krai, regions hardest hit by the destruction. The government and the people of Malaysia have united humanitarian aid to the states involved.
Blackwind Adventure Team is no exception also helped send donations to the affected areas, particularly in the state of Kelantan. Among the contributions that have distributed food, medicine, clothing, clean water and essential needs of the family. A total of 8 units of 4x4 vehicles have been deployed to Kelantan to transport the donations collected and forwarded directly to the people involved. 4x4 vehicles turns into a much-needed vehicle for delivering assistance to the place where that can not be passed by the ordinary vehicles.
Hopefully, with the assistance delivered can help reduce the burden of those affected by the flood.

20 October 2014

4x4 Basic Driving Course - TIPS & KITS

Blackwind Adventure Team has organised another Basic 4x4 Driving Course.

The participants have been taught the importants principle and rules of "TIPS & KITS" to incalculate the safe driving not only for 4x4 driving but for all type of vehicles. It is very important to learn the rules and the principles for
safe driving.

When driving 4x4 especially in off-road condition, it is important and infact became the principles of every 4x4 drivers to emphasis "SAFETY FIRST". Is not how fast we can reach our destination but how to reach our destination safe and steady. When going off-road the drivers and their vehicles must be prepared with "tools and kits" for the worst scenario. Everything have to be take into consideration and the preparation is vital.

Why every off-roader need to make modification to their 4x4, of course, so that their 4x4 can overcome every obstacle they will face. Expected the unexpected then what should they do...make preparation.

There were a few tips we gave to the participants. In order to understand the principles better, they have to drive the 4x4 and feel the driving, understand the vehicles and the route, don't assume and many more...with the hope that they have learned all the knowledges, tips and techniques and apply what they have learned into their daily life and works.

12 December 2012


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Blackwind Adventure Team a.k.a B.A.T have organised an Overland Family Trips on 08/12/12 to 12/12/12 as continuenity of our tradition to organise an event or program every year. It was started in year 2008, when have organised the off road trip to Mat Daling on 08.08.08 and 09.09.09, 10.10.10, 11.11.11 and this year 12.12.12.

How ever this year we start the trip on 08/12/12 and we end on 12.12 am on 12/12/12 and we do make it when I myself reached our home exactly on 12.12 am 12/12/12.

The trip started from Klang to Kg Budu, Benta in Pahang and continue to Cameron Highland and end up at Kuala Kangsar, Perak at our "Dusun" where we spent our holiday in the jungle and sleeping in the tents.
We have a truly holidays while eating King of fruits "Durian" and other local fruit and the same times enjoying our time bathing the water stream.

With total of 95 participants and 18 vehicles consist of 4x4 and cars we manage to travel approximately 1,000 km.

It is a very memorable trip especially for our kids and familys when we spent our time together.

02 February 2012

Recce For New 4x4 Tracks

It has been  very long time I have not update this blog, actually we have a lot things to share with you all guys.

End of last year we have planned to end the year of 2011 by organizing a 4D3N off road trip looking for a new 4x4 tracks as a preparation for our year 2012 event. We planned to enter at Sg Dala, Grik in Perak and exit at Sg Siput also in Perak which we are expecting to drive on off road route for approximately 40 to 50km. This time trip consisted of 6 Mitsubishi Pajeros, a Cherokee Jeep, a Land Rover and a Mitsubishi Storm. 

Due to unforeseen problem, we only leaving Klang Valley on Saturday early morning at about 3.00 am which has delayed us for 5 hours and managed to arrive at Lenggong, Perak at about 3.00 pm for last fuel and to buy some essential supplies. The team entered Grik rain forest at about 5.00 pm and it has been consider very late entrance which leave us no other alternative but to continue the journey.

Its really the true adventure for us when one of convoy vehicles slipped and overturned when descending the slippery hills. Luckily no body injured.

We spent all night long to recover the LR and the recovery mission end at almost 1.00 am. It was so lucky that we managed to recover the LR without much problem and severe damage on the vehicles.Feeling so exhausted we decided to camp and continue the journey on next morning.

After repairing the vehicles in early morning, we continue the off road journey until we reached Pos Kemar on late evening and  decided to camp and spent our night. Camping in tranquility besides the nice and cold stream has made us fully recovered after a long journey. It is beautiful and very peace environment until we almost forgot what had happen to us last night.

It was the most adventure trip and we have learned a really team work along this trip. Skills and experiences are most valuable assets and it has to come with sacrifice.

For all readers of this blog and if you are interested in gaining the experience and adventure on journey to the nature, please contact us by email on this blog. Thank you for reading and just want to share our experience with you all.

Next Trips Recce to Cameron Highland to Lasah in Perak.

01 August 2011

Media Coverage on Overland Trips - 7 Countries

Jejak Warisan Jawi (JWJ2), the 4x4 overland trip for 25 days started from 25 May to 19 June 2011 has been covered by Malaysian's local TV (RTM-TV1). Below here are some of the coverage.

Do checked other videos based on series posted

05 July 2011

4x4 Basic Driving Course

On 1st to 3rd of July 2011, Blackwind Adventure Team have been given a honor to train the Selangor Youth and Sport Department  the 4x4 Basic Driving Course. Organised Selangor Youth and Sport Department, the course is to teach the participant on how to operate 4x4 vehicles, recognizing 4x4 vehicles, driving 4x4 vehicles in off road condition, the use of Recovery Kits and support equipment such as electrical winch, PTO and radio communication. The 3D2N course has been held at Teratak River River at Ulu Bernam, Hulu Selangor and there were 37 participants and 13 crews (4x4 owners) involved in this course. The Participants have given the opportunity to drive the 4x4 vehicles in off road condition such as river crossing, ascending and descending hills,  mud hole, v gullies and etc. They were also been taught to important of preserving the nature and most important is the safety when driving off road and handling the support equipment.

The course has been closed by the Director of Selangor Youth and Sport Department. This 4x4 basic course has taught the participants the important of work as a team, following leader and the important of preserving the nature.

23 June 2011

4x4 Overland Expedition - Jejak Warisan Jawi - Cambodia

The convoy team passed the Cambodian immigration and custom check without so much hassle. But driving on the right is a new thing to us. Driving in Malaysia and Thailand are on the right hand drive means that we are driving on left lane. Because the car is right hand drive, the co pilot play an important role to guide the driver when overtaking other vehicle on Cambodian road.

In Cambodian, our first destination is Seam Reap, to have our lunch at the Halal Restaurant called D'Wau Restaurant owned by a Malaysian and after having our lunch at about 3 pm, we planned to visit the famous Angkor Wat. Suddenly, we received an emergency call from our radio and have been informed that one our 4x4 vehicles have a breakdown. Upon checking by the team mechanic we have been informed that the 4x4 had a rear axle shaft fracture. We have to make a quick decision to split the convoy team into 2 team which the 1st team consist of 8 4x4 will proceed with the scheduled which is to visit the Angkor Wat and the 2nd convoy consist of 2 4x4 will be left behind to locate for a workshop and have the car repaired.

At the late afternoon, we received a call from our radio and been informed by the team mechanic that the local workshop have no spare parts for the breakdown vehicle and they have to have to order from Phnom Penh or Thailand to repair the car. We decided to let the 2nd team to spend another day waiting the spare part to be despatched and the car to be repaired. Due to the tight schedule,the team have to proceed the trip to Kg Semboa in Cham district which is another 400km and it will take us nearly 10 hour driving. It have become our first night ride on the right lane. We reach at Kg Semboa at approximately 9.00 a.m Cambodian time where the local people have waited for us since 7.00 a.m. 

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